Volume 1, Issue 2, April 2016, Page: 18-23
Physical and Physiological Comparison Between Indian Female College Basketball Players and Sedentary Students
Kaushik Halder, Exercise Physiology and Yoga Division, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Min. Of Defence, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi, India
Anjana Pathak, Exercise Physiology and Yoga Division, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Min. Of Defence, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi, India
O. S. Tomer, Exercise Physiology and Yoga Division, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Min. Of Defence, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi, India
Abhirup Chatterjee, Centre for Advanced Research and Training in Yoga (CARTY), Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Min. of Defence, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi, India
Mantu Saha, Exercise Physiology and Yoga Division, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Min. Of Defence, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi, India
Received: Dec. 6, 2015;       Accepted: Dec. 15, 2015;       Published: Jan. 18, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.aap.20160102.11      View  4561      Downloads  123
Abstract
The study aimed to assess and compare the physical and physiological performances of Indian female college basketball players (BB) with sedentary females (SS) of same age group. Randomly selected 20 female college students, 10 each in 2 groups, BB (19.0 ± 0.8) and SS (19.7 ± 1.3) respectively, volunteered for this study. Standing height, body weight, resting blood pressure, resting and maximum heart rate (RHR and MHR respectively), resting oxygen consumption (VO2rest), maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max), anaerobic power, hand grip strength (HGS) and back leg strength (BLS) were recorded. Body surface area (BSA), body mass index (BMI), maximum oxygen pulse (O2Pmax), fatigue percentage and relative peak power output (RPP) were calculated. Significant difference was observed between BB and SS in body weight (P<0.001), BSA (P<0.01), BMI (P<0.001), HGS (left; P<0.05 and right; P<0.01) and BLS (P<0.01). No significant difference was observed in height and blood pressure among the players and sedentary females, while, significantly lower RHR (P<0.01), higher MHR (P<0.01), VO2max (P<0.001), O2Pmax (P<0.01) were noted in sportswomen compared to sedentary females. Peak anaerobic power, average anaerobic power (both P<0.01) and RPP (P<0.001) of sportswomen was also significantly higher than the sedentary group. The study revealed that female college basketball players were physiologically potent than sedentary students of similar age group. It is once again substantiated the fact that involvement in sports or games like basketball, renders a person with better physiological health and physical fitness as compared to sedentary individuals.
Keywords
Basketball, Aerobic Capacity, Anaerobic Power, Muscle Strength, Physical Fitness
To cite this article
Kaushik Halder, Anjana Pathak, O. S. Tomer, Abhirup Chatterjee, Mantu Saha, Physical and Physiological Comparison Between Indian Female College Basketball Players and Sedentary Students, Advances in Applied Physiology. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016, pp. 18-23. doi: 10.11648/j.aap.20160102.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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